In this regular issue of EJISDC we present eight papers. In the first paper, Imami Mwalumbwe and Joel Mtebe designed and developed a Learning Analytics tool and used the tool to determine the causation between Learning Management System (LMS) usage and students’ performance. Data from two courses at the Mbeya University of Science and Technology (MUST), Tanzania, were extracted using the tool and subjected to linear regression analysis with students’ final results. The study found that discussion posts, peer interaction, and exercises were determined to be significant factors for students’ academic achievement in blended learning at MUST.
In the second paper, Sanna Ojanpera, Nicolas Friederici and Mark Graham contrast the discourses of corporations, development organisations and governments in Africa with evidence from academic research to suggest that there is a highly uneven economic impact of Internet connectivity across geographies and social strata. The authors discuss technological determinism, acontextual modernism, and optimistic simplism as underlying this contrast, calling for more reflexivity towards the opportunities of ‘digital development’.
In the third paper, Leonard Chalemba compares the level of application of telecommunications technologies to agricultural market information systems in Ghana and Tanzania. The analysis reveals that Ghana is significantly ahead of Tanzania in the provision of information and communications technology (ICT) facilities that support operations of agricultural market information systems. However, low-income smallholder farmers of both countries still need more access to ICT facilities for them to exploit fully the services offered by ICT-based agricultural market information systems. Both countries also need to promote participation of the private sector for establishment of economically sustainable market information services.
In the fourth paper, Maria Alexandra Cunha, Taiane Ritta Coelho and Erico Przeybilovicz suggest ways for positioning a developing country in the field of international eGov research. Drawing on a literature review of both Brazilian and international publications, they analyzed the domain of collaboration in the field through a social network analysis of authors, institutions and countries. They note that there is more intense collaboration in the network of institutions than of authors; that the co-authorship network reflects the existence of a select number of central authors; and the study of eGov is centralized in the USA and UK.
In the fifth paper, Esther Mukasa, Honest Kimaro, Achilles Kiwanuka and Faraja Igira assessed challenges, best practices and strategies for standardizing Health Information Systems (HIS) for integrated TB/HIV services. They employed a descriptive cross sectional study design employing both qualitative methods, collecting data through key informant interviews, observation of existing practices, and document review. The absence of health information system standards control mechanisms was noted to be the primary challenge.
In the sixth paper, Sam Takavarasha, Gilford Hapanyengwi and Gabriel Kabanda propose the use of livelihood profiles for identifying the livelihood issues that matter in a particular locality and Sen’s Capability Approach for assessing the opportunity freedoms to exploit local livelihoods. This is presented as a systematic way of establishing the context under which ICT4D interventions will be deployed. The study uses focus groups under an interpretivist paradigm to investigate contextual issues in Zimbabwe’s Highveld Prime Communal livelihood zone. The study found a politically polarised contextual setting characterised by poor agricultural finance, ineffective crop and livestock markets, unrewarding labour markets against a good agricultural climate that is affected by cyclical droughts.
In the seventh paper, Mihret Abeselom Teklemariam and Ernest Mnkandla explore the risk management practice of Ethiopian software projects. They also investigate the level of adoption of formal risk management models and which steps are included in the ad-hoc risk management exercise. Finally, they look into the relationship between risk management practice and project success. Drawing on a survey of 45 banks, insurance companies and United Nations agency offices in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, they observed a very low rate of application of formal risk management models. Instead, they found that project managers preferred to watch projects to see if any risks occurred during implementation without performing risk identification and mitigation.
In the eighth paper, Merijn van Baardewijk notes that mobile phones have the potential to improve the lives of poor farmers, in particular in combination with specifically designed mobile phone-based services (m-services) that provide agricultural information. In this study, the author undertakes a qualitative case study in order to discover the various ways in which poor farmers’ livelihoods are influenced by mobile phone use. The most direct impact of mobile phones lies in the strengthening of social networks. Cognitive assets were also improved, due to access to more timely and accurate knowledge, which in turn leads to enhanced productivity (resource-based assets). Moreover, the mobile phone resulted in lower transaction costs.
Table of Contents
In this Volume, the downloads# is the number of downloads since April 2005. The total number of downloads, i.e. since the original publication date, is not available.
|Using Learning Analytics to Predict Students’ Performance in Moodle Learning Management Systems: A case of Mbeya University of Science and Technology|
|Imani Mwalumbwe, Joel S. Mtebe||# of downloads: 162|
|The Impact of Connectivity in Africa: Grand Visions and the Mirage of Inclusive Digital Development|
|Nicolas Friederici, Sanna Ojanperä, Mark Graham||# of downloads: 208|
|Incorporation of telecommunications technologies into agricultural market information systems: a comparative analysis of Ghana and Tanzania|
|Leonard Edmond Chalemba||# of downloads: 68|
|Get Into the Club: Positioning a Developing Country in the International eGov Research|
|Maria Alexandra Cunha, Taiane Ritta Coelho, Erico Przeybilovicz||# of downloads: 204|
|Challenges and Strategies for Standardizing Information Systems for Integrated TB/HIV Services in Tanzania: A Case Study of Kinondoni Municipality|
|Esther Mukasa, Honest Kimaro, Achilles Kiwanuka, Faraja Igira||# of downloads: 89|
|Using Livelihood Profiles for Assessing Context in ICT4D Research: A Case Study of Zimbabwe's Eastern Region|
|Sam Takavarasha, Gilford Hapanyengwi, Gabriel Kabanda||# of downloads: 97|
|Software Project Risk Management Practice in Ethiopia|
|Mihret Abeselom Teklemariam, Ernest Mnkandla||# of downloads: 107|
|The Impact of Mobile Phone Use and IKSL’S Audio Messages on the Asset Base of Poor Farmers in Lucknow, India|
|Merijn van Baardewijk||# of downloads: 98|