Modes of Learning and Performance Among U.P. Open University Graduates

Victoria A. Bautista, Ma. Ana T. Quimbo


The study shows that online, mixed mode, and face-to-face learners perform at the same level among the 2006 graduates of the UP Open University (UPOU). The most critical factor that has affected performance level is the initiative of the student to interact with their teachers. However, this factor is also influenced by the initiative of the teacher to interact with the students. Satisfaction of the graduates with distance learning is high (6.2 in a scale of 1 to 7, with 7 as the highest point). Critical factors positively related with satisfaction are the initiative of the teacher to interact with students, the initiative of the students to interact with their teachers, and the initiative of students to interact with their peers. Socio-demographic factors like regional base, gender, marital status, and age do not influence performance. The findings significantly demonstrate that irrespective of regional origins, marital status, gender and age, performance is the same across the different groups. Half of the graduates relied on the online mode of instruction, utilizing the integrated virtual learning environment (IVLE) platform of UPOU, particularly its discussion forum. Those remaining were distributed into mixed and face-to-face mode. Factors facilitating and impeding performance in distance learning and those influencing reliance on IVLE were discussed in the paper. Other policy implications were raised in the paper.


Modes of Learning; Distance learning; Interaction in Distance Learning; Satisfaction with Distance Learning; Philippines

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The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries.
ISSN: 1681-4835